Cultural and Historical Sites

Country: Tanzania
Site: Kilwa Kisiwani
Caption: Great House
Image Date: May 30, 2011
Photographer: Whitney Warren/World Monuments Fund
Provenance: Site Visit
Original: from digital CD TZA009

Experience Tanzanian Culture

Tanzania is home to over 120 distinct ethnic groups (tribes), each with its own unique history and culture. The Tanzanian culture is a delightful mix that influenced by this ethnic groups. Tanzania is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. From the tall graceful Maasai warriors, the ancient ways of the Hadza Bushmen, the resourceful agricultural practices of the Meru, the artistic talents of the Makonde to the Chagga farmers and traders. Each of the 120 different tribes in Tanzania has their own distinct ways of life but together, they gracefully unite to form Tanzania.


Over 120 languages are spoken in Tanzania, most of them from the Bantu family. After independence, the government recognised that this represented a problem for national unity, and as a result made the Kiswahili language (Swahili) the official language.

While the focus of a safari is often on the wildlife, Tanzania’s rich cultural history adds another dimension to your trip. You’ll have a chance to encounter this constantly evolving tapestry on a Born Park Adventures culture safari, on trips to traditional settlements, meeting with tribal elders and storytellers, and in unscripted encounters in markets, villages, and in camp.

Some of the most unique and recognisable cultures in Tanzania include the:

This is just a taste of Tanzania’s incredible cultural diversity. There are dozens more tribes in Tanzania, each weaving the thread of its own rich traditions into the ever-changing tapestry of modern-day Tanzania. If you’re interested in learning more about Tanzania’s various tribes, let us know; we’d be happy to introduce you to more of the people that call Tanzania home!

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